What is the green skills gap (and why does it matter)?

Posted on: 18 March, 2024

The built environment is in dire need of sustainability talent. Here are 6 skills that can help close the growing green talent gap.

The UK is in a race to decarbonise its operations by 2050. In light of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), increasing Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) regulations and penalties, and an incoming wave of consumers and job candidates that prioritise sustainability, environmental action has become a non-negotiable for modern businesses.

However, the demand for sustainability expertise is outpacing the supply of talent. This shortage has been termed ‘the green skills gap’.

What exactly is the green skills gap?

The green skills gap is the shortage of workers needed to fill incoming jobs created by the green transition – a shift away from reliance on fossil fuels and towards a sustainable future.

According to the World Economic Forum, the global number of green roles has grown 8% per year for the last five years. However, there aren’t enough employees and candidates with the skills needed to fulfil these key roles – the number of people listing green skills in their LinkedIn profiles only grew 6% over the same period, according to LinkedIn research.

As an example, the UK needs 400,000 jobs filled to help drive new energy sectors, yet many estimates have highlighted a shortage of around 200,000 workers with the appropriate expertise and knowledge required.

Learn more: The issue of coal consumption

The need for sustainability knowledge and expertise also stretches to other industries and business functions. To keep up the with the latest regulations, combat the climate crisis and help organisations stay ahead of the curve, recruiters are looking for sustainability comptencies across a wide range of roles, departments and functions.

The green skills shortage is just one example of the various talent gaps that have emerged in the last decade. Other notable examples of gaps include technical skills, soft skills (e.g. emotional intelligence), hard skills (such as analytics and data processing), and leadership competencies.

Where did this shortage of talent come from?

Skills gaps are typically created when technological advancement outpaces organisational evolution. For instance, the emergence of artificial intelligence in the last year has led many businesses to identify a lack of expertise in this area in line with business priorities and projects.

Learn more: Built environment careers and the advantages of a vocational degree

There are other reasons for the emergence of talent gaps, including:

  • High employee turnover
  • Ineffective recruitment
  • Inadequate training
  • Institutional education failures

In the case of sustainability expertise and green skills, the demands on businesses to make their practices more sustainable have outpaced the development of green talent. As a result, there are more roles to be filled that require sustainability expertise and knowledge than there are qualified applicants in the workforce.

Learn more: Diagnosing the green skills gap: 5 factors fuelling the shortage

6 green skills the built environment needs

The built environment is particularly in need of sustainability expertise. As a sector that’s responsible for around 40% of annual CO2 emissions, work needs to be done fast to reduce its environmental impact by the UK’s 2050 Net Zero ambitions and align itself with a greener future.

Learn more: Built environment careers – top trends driving the construction sector during uncertain times

Here are 6 green skills that are in high demand across the sector:

1. Sustainability literacy

Sustainability doesn’t stay still – it’s a continuously shifting discipline that requires more than keeping up with current events to understand in detail. Sustainability literacy – the theoretical knowledge to understand and articulate the interdependency between the environment and humanity – is a vital skill for businesses looking to shape the future of the green economy rather than simply following the crowd. As an industry with a significant influence on climate change, this knowledge is needed at the centre of decision making and at an interdisciplinary level across teams and personnel.

Learn more: Why sustainability literacy is in such high demand

2. Critical thinking

Critical thinking is an essential component of sustainable development. Along with being able to understand and articulate sustainability across different disciplines and applications, leaders and key figures with problem-solving, decision-making and long-term strategic expertise are needed in organisations to help make sustainability initiatives and targets a reality.

3. Green retrofitting

Retrofitting has emerged as viable solution for the challenge of reducing carbon emissions, particularly in housing. However, there’s a shortage of the necessary competencies to insulate walls and introduce technologies like heat pumps. With the government placing heavy emphasis on getting millions of homes up to appropriate energy usage standards in the next decade, retrofitting expertise is in extremely high demand.

Learn more: To retrofit or not to retrofit: what’s the debate around the M&S Oxford Street demolition?

4. Digital skills such as energy modelling and analysis

Sustainability is in competition with other business functions and industries for a small pool of digital talent. Today’s new buildings are under greater pressure to meet increasingly strict energy efficiency standards from the government, but thanks to software tools, we can now more accurately evaluate a building’s energy performance (and identify opportunities to conserve energy) than ever before. Unfortunately, there simply aren’t enough professionals with the expertise to utilise these technologies and reap the benefits in the current marketplace.

Learn more: Technology will define the future of sustainability

5. Waste management

Earlier this year, the Chartered Institution of Wastes Management (CIWM) released a report that revealed a growing skills and labour shortage within waste and recycling. According to the report, the sector ‘is not often seen as an attractive option for future careers’ and a ‘lack of understanding’ of what it delivers and the breadth of roles available is harming its ability to procure talent.

Along with needing more workers involved in the collection, sorting and recovery of materials, the report identified talent shortages in:

  • Consultancy and professional services
  • Communication and behavioural change
  • Design
  • Facilities management
  • Business modelling
  • Infrastructure development

Learn more: Making a business case for sustainability – why now is the time to act

6. Reporting, compliance and monitoring

With new ESG reporting requirements and legislation like the Green Claims Code coming into play, organisations in the built environment are now at risk of significant financial penalties if they fail to meet sustainability targets or misrepresent their environmental activities. This has led to an increase in demand for monitoring skills and an understanding of the technical and legal aspects of business.

Learn more: How to select the right ESG goals and targets for your business

Final thoughts

The built environment is working hard to address the green skills shortage. Businesses across the sector are seeking future leaders – professionals with the technical expertise and comprehension of sustainability that will help them drive the sector to a sustainable future and support the green transition. The skills above are in high demand – don’t miss the opportunity to capitalise on this shortage and place yourself at the forefront of change.

Sustainability isn’t a passing trend – it’s here to stay and is constantly evolving. If you want employees that inspire and action change in their careers, UCEM’s Sustainability Business Specialist Apprenticeship will give your teams the skills they need, both now and in the future.

Find out more: Sustainability Business Specialist Apprenticeship – University College of Estate Management